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Health & Fitness – Exercising Bad Knees

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By Kim Duke,

NETA & AAFA Certified Trainer

Recently, a friend of mine asked me to put together a list of leg exercises that he could do with bad knees.  This friend is an avid skier and cyclist and is only in his 30s, but as he says, “has the knees of an 80 year old.”

So, I put together a list and thought it would be a good idea to share this with others.

Many of my clients have bad knees.  How they ended up with bad knees varies from overuse to excessive weight gain or even trauma due to an injury.  But, once your knee or knees are shot, what can you do?

Many folks worry that working your legs will only cause your knees to hurt more. Not true, says Willibald Nagler, MD chairman of rehabilitation medicine at the New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center in New York City.

“Exercise may be the best medicine for chronic achy knees. Strengthening the muscles around the joint protects you from injury by decreasing stress on the knee.”  But you must use good form and technique when doing exercises for knee pain.

The First Commandment

Be sure to never bend your legs to a point where your knees stick out past your toes. That puts a lot of pressure under the kneecap. This not only applies to the following exercises for knee pain but also when you’re stretching or doing aerobic activities

The following are the best exercises to do:

Partial Squats

Stand about 12 inches away from the front of a chair with your feet about hip width apart and your toes forward. Bending at the hips, slowly lower yourself halfway down to the chair. Keep your abs tight, and check that your knees stay behind your toes.

Step-ups

Using an aerobic step bench or a staircase, step up onto the step with your right foot. Tap your left foot on the top of the step, and then lower. As you step up, your knee should be directly over your ankle. Repeat with your left foot.

Side-Lying Leg Lifts

Wearing ankle weights above the knee, lie on your left side, legs straight and together, with your left arm supporting your head. Keeping your right foot flexed and your body straight, slowly lift your right leg to about shoulder height, then slowly lower. Repeat with your left leg.

Inner-Thigh Leg Lifts

Wearing ankle weights above the knee, lie on your left side, slightly back on your butt. Bend your right leg and place it behind your left leg with your right foot flat on the floor and your left leg straight. Support your head with your left arm. Slowly lift your left leg about 3 to 5 inches, then lower. Repeat with your right leg.

Calf Raises

Using a chair or wall for balance, stand with your feet about hip width apart, and toes straight ahead. Slowly lift your heels off the floor, rising up onto your toes. Hold, and then slowly lower.

Straight-Leg Raises

Sit with your back against a wall, left leg straight and right leg bent with your foot flat on the floor. Slowly raise your left leg straight up about 12 inches off the floor. Hold, and then slowly lower. Repeat with your right leg.

Short-Arc Knee Extensions

In the same starting position as the straight-leg raises, put a ball (about the size of a basketball) under your left knee so that your leg is bent. Slowly straighten your leg. Hold, and then slowly lower. Repeat with your right leg.

Hamstring Stretch

Lie on your back with your left leg flat on the floor. Loop a towel or rope around your right foot and pull your leg as far as comfortable toward your chest, while keeping a slight bend at the knee. Keep your back pressed to the floor throughout the stretch. Hold for 10 to 30 seconds and then release. Repeat three or four times with each leg. Do this stretch five or six times a week.

And lastly, here are some of the worst exercises—avoid these!

A few of the following exercises can be done safely if you have chronic knee problems – they’re on this list because they’re more likely to be done improperly. The exercises above are safer, while still giving you similar results.

• Full-arc knee extensions

• Lunges

• Deep squats

• Hurdler’s stretches

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